Palanpur is the district headquarters of Banaskantha, which lies near the border of Gujarat and Rajasthan. The population is approximately 1,50,000. The district is predominantly arid and semi-arid. The mountains in the north still stand even today, but the forest area has almost vanished.
The climate in Palanpur is extreme. During the winter months i.e. from November to February temperature goes down to 4.50 C and during summer it can get hot with temperatures of 40-450C.
The district of Banaskantha covers an area of 10,400 square kms with a population of 25.02 lakh as per census of 2001. Divided into 12 talukas, it has one Parliamentary seat and eight seats in the state Legislative Assembly.
Agricultural activity is widespread and a variety of cash crops are grown. Deesa has become the centre for potato cultivation, while wheat and millet are also grown in the area. Dairy farming has also gained momentum, after the White Revolution engineered by NDDB (National Dairy Development Board). Banas Dairy at Palanpur is instrumental in the continuance of the cooperative movement in the dairy farming sector. It is now one of the largest dairies under NDDB.
Although not substantial, several industries have emerged. One major industrial activity is marble stone-cutting along the National Highway No. 14. Some industries are related to an agricultural produce called isabgol (Pscillium seeds), known to be a natural laxative. Also present are the small-scale cement industry, stone crushers, cement and metal pipe manufacturing, submersible pumps and small tools. The diamond cutting and polishing industry has grown in the last 40 years, and credit for this goes to the Jains of Palanpur engaged in the diamond trade.
Palanpur is not a tourist attraction. It has neither towering forts, rock-cut temples nor any relics of the Indus Valley civilisation. Palanpur was and is still famous for it perfumes and fragrant oils extracted from Champa and Kevda flowers and for its finely tempered swords and knives.
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Palanpur Online Helpline
Tel: +91 - 22 - 40203620 / 21
Time: 10am - 6pm (IST) (Mon to Fri)